BITHYNIA


BITHYNIA
BITHYNIA, district of Asia Minor identified in the Talmud with the biblical Tubal (Yoma 10a). There is information, dated from 139 B.C.E., of a Jewish settlement in Amysos which was included in the territory of Bithynia during the period of its expansion (Sampsames in I Macc. 15:23 being identified by Schuerer and others with Amysos in Pontos). Philo, too, testifies to the existence of a Jewish settlement there (De Legatione ad Gaium, 281). A Jewish tombstone with a Greek inscription found near the Bosporus marks the burial place of a Jew called Shabbetai who served as elder, scribe, and leader to a Jewish community which is called παλαιοι ("The Ancients," REJ, 23 (1893), 167–71). Talmudic sources (Av. Zar. 2:4; Tosef., Av. Zar. 4:13; Tosef., Shev. 5:9) frequently mention cheeses from Bet-Unyaki which were forbidden "because the majority of calves of that place are offered as sacrifices to idols" (Av. Zar. 34b). This Bet-Unyaki is identified with Bithynia, whose excellent cheeses are also attested to by Pliny (Natural History 11:241). The spread of Christianity in Bithynia at the beginning of the second century so alarmed its governor, Pliny the younger (c. 112), that he applied to Trajan for instructions on how to deal with it. The detailed answer given by Trajan exerted a decisive influence for some generations on Rome's policy toward Christianity. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Epstein, Mishnah, 1104–05; Schuerer, Gesch, 3 (19094), 23; Frey, Corpus, 2 (1952), 50–52; Neubauer, Géogr, 262–3. (Abraham Schalit)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Bithynia — was an ancient region, kingdom and Roman province in the northwest of Asia Minor, adjoining the Propontis, the Thracian Bosporus and the Euxine (today Black Sea).DescriptionSeveral major cities sat on the fertile shores of the Propontis (which is …   Wikipedia

  • Bithynia — steht für: Bithynien, der lateinische Name für eine antike Landschaft im nordwestlichen Kleinasien eine römische Provinz, siehe Bithynia et Pontus Bithynia (Gattung), eine Gattung von Süßwasserschnecken Diese Seite ist ei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bithynia — Género de caracoles, algunas de cuyas especies actúan como huésped intermediario de Opisthorchis. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • Bithynia — [bə thin′ē ə] ancient country in NW Asia Minor, in what is now Turkey: fl. 3d cent. B.C. 1st cent. A.D …   English World dictionary

  • BITHYNIA — I. BITHYNIA Asiae minoris regio ad Pontum sira, Thraciae adversa, Troadi proxima, Solino, c. 44. Servio, et Martiano Capellae. ubi duo Concilia Oecumenica, et Chalcedone, ubi simile Concil. celebris. Capellae primum Bebrycia, postea Mygdonia,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Bithynia — Bithynian, adj., n. /bi thin ee euh/, n. an ancient state in NW Asia Minor. * * * Ancient country, northwestern Anatolia. Bounded by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus, and the Black Sea, it was settled by Thracians in the late 2nd millennium BC.… …   Universalium

  • Bithynia — noun an ancient country in northwestern Asia Minor in what is now Turkey; was absorbed into the Roman Empire by the end of the 1st century BC • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geographical area, ↑geographic area, ↑geographical region, ↑geographic region •… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bithynia — geographical name ancient country NW Asia Minor bordering on the Sea of Marmara & Black Sea • Bithynian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Bithynia — noun [bɪˈθɪnɪə/ An ancient region, kingdom and Roman province in the northwest of Asia Minor …   Wiktionary

  • Bithynia —    A province in Asia Minor, to the south of the Euxine and Propontis. Christian congregations were here formed at an early time (1 Pet. 1:1). Paul was prevented by the Spirit from entering this province (Acts 16:7). It is noted in church history …   Easton's Bible Dictionary


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